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Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) is a deciduous tree that is native to the UK and Europe. It is a popular choice for gardens and landscaping due to its attractive foliage and striking appearance.
Hornbeam typically grows to a height of around 20-30 metres and can have a spread of up to 15 metres. It has a dense, oval-shaped crown that provides excellent shade during the summer months. This tree is also known for its distinctive bark, which is smooth and grey in colour when young and becomes ridged and fluted as it ages.
In terms of flowering time, Hornbeam produces small, inconspicuous flowers in spring, which are followed by clusters of winged nutlets in the autumn. However, it is primarily grown for its foliage, which is green and densely packed on the tree’s branches. The leaves turn a rich yellow in the autumn before falling.
Hornbeam prefers a sunny or partially shaded position in well-drained soil. It can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including clay and chalk, but does not do well in wet or waterlogged soil. This tree is hardy and can withstand cold temperatures, making it an excellent choice for gardens across the UK. It is also relatively low-maintenance, requiring only occasional pruning to maintain its shape and keep it healthy.
Overall, Hornbeam is an excellent choice for anyone looking for a large, attractive tree that provides shade and interest throughout the year. Its dense foliage, distinctive bark, and hardiness make it a great addition to any garden or landscape.